The Mysore dynasty was founded in 1399 A.D by yaduraya and krishnaraya , Mysore has seen 25 rulers till emergence of raja wodeyer in 1578 A.D , The mysore kingdom was small feudatory kingdom under the vijaynagar empire in 1565 A.D the wodeyar inherited the traditions of vijaynagar empire .raja wodeyar ascended the throne in 1610 A.D in srirangapatna, the erstahile capital and inaugurated the dasara festival which arestill celebrated with all grandeur .
The most celebrated kings after raja wodeyar who contributed to the capital heritage of mysore are ranadhira kanthirava narasaraja wodeyar, Chikka devaraja wodeyar, Nalvadi krisharaja wodeyar, jaya chamarajendra wodeyar from 1940 till the establishment of republic India .
Mysore or mahishur it was called in the past traces its history back to the mythical past when goddess chamundeshwari of chamundi hill, killed the wicked buffalo headed demon mahisura . this event that marked the victory of good over evil is the inspiration behind the dasara festival
Mysore most famous festival is the 10 day dasara in September or October when the entire city gets itself up to celebration dance, music varieties of cultural activates and a torch light parade.
Vijaya Dashami (Dasara)
Navaratri literally means nine nights in Sanskrit, nava meaning nine and ratri meaning nights, during these nine nights and ten days nine forms of shakti /devi are worshiped. The 10th day is commonly referred to as vijaya dashami denotes the victory of truth over evil and was the day when the Hindu goddess chamundeshwari killed the demon mahisasura , mahishasura is the demon from whose name the Mysore was been derived .
The city of mysore has long tradition of celebrating the dasara festival and the festivities here are an elaborate affair and attract a large audience from all over the world. The first evidence of Mysore dasara celebrations appears in a Persian ambassador’s book .this book was his major work and contains the over view and history of the region from 1304 to 1470. The wodeyars of Mysore continued to celebrate the dasara festival even after the fall of Vijayanagar Empire.
The festivities included a special durbar .it was during the reign of Krishna raja wodeyar 3rd in the year 1805 , when the king started the tradition of having a special durbar in the mysore palace during dasara which was attended by members of royal family , special invitees , officials and the masses . after the death of srikanta wadiyar in December 2013 , this tradition has been continued by placing the ‘pattada katti’on the golden throne .the ninth day of dasara called as maha navami is also an auspicious day on which the royal sword is worshiped and is taken on procession involving elephants camels , and horses.
Mysore dasara 2019 inauguration by litterateur , philosopher and professor shri, S.L Bhyrappa.